Incidence of lymph node metastasis from early gastric cancer: estimation with a large number of cases at two large centers
The therapeutic value of extensive gastric resection and regional lymphadenectomy in the curative treatment of gastric adenocarcinoma is controversial. We undertook a retrospective study of 210 patients treated with curative intent from 1960 to 1980. A multivariate survival analysis using the Cox model revealed five significant variables predictive of death from gastric cancer--two inherent pathologic factors: (1) nonpyloric site and (2) metastases in more than three lymph nodes, and three treatment factors that could often be controlled by the surgeon: (3) microscopic positive gastric resection margin, (4) inadequate lymphadenectomy, and (5) total gastrectomy. These observations reaffirm the value of wide gastric resection and adequate lymphadenectomy but argue against a general policy of elective total gastrectomy in the curative treatment of gastric carcinoma.