Influence of the Bonding Electrons on the Scattering of X-Rays by Carbon

  title={Influence of the Bonding Electrons on the Scattering of X-Rays by Carbon},
  author={Rosalind E. Franklin},
  • R. Franklin
  • Published 14 January 1950
  • Materials Science
  • Nature
DURING the course of an investigation of the scattering of X-rays by Various carbons (incompletely graphitized materials containing graphite-like layer-planes but no three-dimensional crystalline order, and showing, therefore, only (00l) crystalline reflexions and (hk) two-dimensional bands) it was observed that the intensity of the (10) band was always anomalously high. The phenomenon was found to be of perfectly general occurrence for a wide variety of carbons. For microcrystalline graphite a… 
X-Ray and Neutron Diffraction by Graphite Layers
FRANKLIN1 has shown that an anomalous two-fold increase of the X-ray diffraction intensity is observed for the two-dimensional 10 carbon band. She explains this by the fact that the L-electrons are
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  • R. Diamond
  • Physics
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences
  • 1960
This paper describes the results obtained from an X-ray examination of the carbonization products of certain vitrain coals after treatment at .temperatures up to 1000 °C. The methods employed in
The Outer Electron Configuration in Metallic Copper
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Characterization and mathematical modeling of the structure of Canadian crude asphalt binders by x-ray diffraction
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Introduction to crystallographic refinement of macromolecular atomic models. Addendum
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Photograph 51, by Rosalind Franklin (1952)
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  • H. Lipson, A. R. Stokes
  • Materials Science
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
  • 1942
A new structure of carbon is proposed in order to account for the occurrence of extra lines on X-ray powder photographs of graphite. It has hexagonal layers similar to those of graphite, but arranged