Genetic and transcriptomic analyses of lignin- and lodging-related traits in Brassica napus
Several kinds of natural woods and isolated lignins with various syringyl to guaiacyl (S/G) ratios were subjected to thioacidolysis followed by Raney nickel desulfuration to elucidate the relationships between the S/G ratio and the interunit linkage types of lignin. Furthermore, enzymatic dehydrogenation polymers (DHP) were produced by the Zutropf (gradual monolignol addition) method from mixtures of various ratios of coniferyl alcohol and sinapyl alcohol. The analysis of DHPs and natural wood lignins exhibited basically a similar tendency. The existence of both syringyl and guaiacyl units is effective for producing higher amounts of beta-O-4 and 4-O-5 structures, but it lowers the total amount of cinnamyl alcohol and aldehyde end groups. The relative frequency of the beta-beta structure increased, whereas that of beta-5 and 5-5 structures decreased with increasing syringyl units.