Influence of previous physical activity on the outcome of patients treated by thrombolytic therapy for stroke

Abstract

Physical activity prevents stroke and is associated with less severe strokes. The neuroprotective effect in patients treated with intravenous (i.v.) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA), remains uncertain. We aimed at evaluating the relationship between previous physical activity and outcomes in stroke patients treated with i.v. rt-PA. OPHELIE-SPORT was a prospective observational multicenter study conducted in French and Japanese stroke patients treated with i.v. rt-PA. We evaluated the presence, weekly duration (<2, 2–5, >5 h) and intensity (light, moderate, heavy) of previous leisure-time physical activity according to standardized criteria. The primary end-point was an excellent outcome [modified Rankin Scale (mRS) 0–1 or similar to the pre-stroke mRS] after 3 months. Secondary end-points were good outcome (mRS 0–2 or similar to the pre-stroke mRS), and death. Of 519 patients, 74 (14.3 %) had regular physical activity before stroke. They were 14 years younger (p < 0.001), treated 25 min earlier (p = 0.004) and more likely to be men, free of pre-stroke handicap (mRS = 0), atrial fibrillation, arterial hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores, at baseline (p = 0.183) and 24 h later (p = 0.203), did not differ between patients with and without physical activity. After adjustment on confounders, there was no association between previous leisure-time physical activity and outcome. Outcomes 3 months after treatment of cerebral ischaemia with i.v. rt-PA are not influenced by previous physical activity.

DOI: 10.1007/s00415-015-7875-4

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Cite this paper

@article{Decourcelle2015InfluenceOP, title={Influence of previous physical activity on the outcome of patients treated by thrombolytic therapy for stroke}, author={Am{\'e}lie Decourcelle and Sol{\`e}ne L Y Moulin and Igor Sibon and Kei Murao and Thomas Ronzi{\`e}re and Olivier Godefroy and Mathilde Poli and Charlotte Cordonnier and Sharmila Sagnier and Ver{\'o}nica Leticia Lassalle and Yasushi Okada and J-L Mas and R{\'e}gis Bordet and Didier Leys}, journal={Journal of Neurology}, year={2015}, volume={262}, pages={2513-2519} }