Influence of peatland and land cover distribution on fire regimes in insular Southeast Asia

  title={Influence of peatland and land cover distribution on fire regimes in insular Southeast Asia},
  author={Jukka Miettinen and Chenghua Shi and Soo Chin Liew},
  journal={Regional Environmental Change},
Anthropogenic biomass burning in insular Southeast Asia facilitates conversion and degradation of ecosystems and emits high amounts of carbon into the atmosphere. We analyzed the influence of peat soil and land cover distribution on the occurrence and characteristics of vegetation fires. Two years of satellite-based active fire detections over Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo and Java were examined together with land cover and peatland maps. Our results showed that fire occurrence nearly… 
Fire Distribution in Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo in 2015 with Special Emphasis on Peatland Fires
The results thereby advocate rewetting and rehabilitation as the primary management option for highly fire prone degraded undeveloped peatland areas, whenever feasible, as a means to reduce fire risk during future dry episodes.
Peatland Fires in Riau, Indonesia, in Relation to Land Cover Type, Land Management, Landholder, and Spatial Management
Peatland in Southeast Asia has an important function in the provision of ecosystem services such as carbon sink, climate regulation, water supply, biodiversity, and others. Recurrent fires in the
Fire Frequency and Related Land-Use and Land-Cover Changes in Indonesia's Peatlands
If prevalent rates of burning in Indonesia’s peatlands are not greatly reduced, peat swamp forest will disappear from Sumatra and Kalimantan in the coming decades.
The influence of precipitation patterns on recent peatland fires in Indonesia [an abstract of dissertation and a summary of dissertation review]
Recently, Indonesia experienced severe peat and forest fire in 2002, 2004, 2006, and 2009 under low monthly precipitation in Kalimantan and Sumatra [1]. Mostly fires in Indonesia regions caused by
Fire, drought and El Niño relationships on Borneo (Southeast Asia) in the pre-MODIS era (1980–2000)
Abstract. Borneo (Indonesia) is Earth's third largest island, and the location of both extensive areas of rainforest and tropical peatlands. It is the site of both regular (seasonal) biomass burning
Soil CO2 Respiration Along Annual Crops or Land-cover Type Gradients on West Kalimantan Degraded Peatland Forest
Kalimantan peatland spans ∼5.9million ha (∼11% of Kalimantan's total terrestrial land area) as a part ofIndonesian peatlands, covers∼21 million ha, contains∼57.8 Gtof terrestrial carbon. Land cover
Biogeosciences Fire , drought and El Ni ño relationships on Borneo ( Southeast Asia ) in the pre-MODIS era ( 1980 – 2000 )
Borneo (Indonesia) is Earth’s third largest island, and the location of both extensive areas of rainforest and tropical peatlands. It is the site of both regular (seasonal) biomass burning associated
Greenhouse gas emission factors for land use and land-use change in Southeast Asian peatlands
Tropical peat swamp forests, which are predominantly located in Southeast Asia (SEA) and play a prominent role as a global carbon store, are being intensively degraded and converted to agricultural
Climate Change Mitigation Through Forest fire Prevention and Peatland Rewetting Programs in Central Kalimantan Indonesia
Peat forest plays a principal role in climate change mitigation in Indonesia. Considering the potential releases of GHGs from a forest fire and degraded peatland, it is important to conserve peatland
Currently, tropical peatland forests are under considerable pressure because of increasing deforestation and degradation of forests. In Kalimantan, degradation and deforestation of peatland forests


The amount of carbon released from peat and forest fires in Indonesia during 1997
It is estimated that between 0.81 and 2.57 Gt of carbon were released to the atmosphere in 1997 as a result of burning peat and vegetation in Indonesia, equivalent to 13–40% of the mean annual global carbon emissions from fossil fuels, and contributed greatly to the largest annual increase in atmospheric CO2 concentration detected since records began in 1957.
Climate regulation of fire emissions and deforestation in equatorial Asia
It is found that average fire emissions from Indonesia, Malaysia, and Papua New Guinea during 2000–2006 were comparable to fossil fuel emissions, and land manager responses to expected shifts in tropical precipitation may critically determine the strength of climate–carbon cycle feedbacks during the 21st century.
Land use and vegetation fires in Jambi Province, Sumatra, Indonesia
In Indonesia, vegetation fires occur every year in the dry season. To determine where and why fires occur, the natural and cultural landscape features that influence the location of fires were
Climate anomalies, Indonesian vegetation fires and terrestrial carbon emissions
There was a widespread misconception about the causes of vegetation and land fires in Indonesia. At a certain point, the public perceived that fires and the associated haze pollution were primarily
Spatiotemporal fire occurrence in Borneo over a period of 10 years.
South-east Asia's tropical rainforests are experiencing the highest rate of deforestation worldwide and fire is one of the most important drivers of forest loss and subsequent carbon dioxide
Derivation of burn scar depths and estimation of carbon emissions with LIDAR in Indonesian peatlands
It is estimated that within the 2.79 million hectare study area 49.15 ± 26.81 megatons of carbon were released during the 2006 El Niño episode, which represents 10–33% of all carbon emissions from transport for the European Community in the year 2006.
Land cover change 2002–2005 in Borneo and the role of fire derived from MODIS imagery
Borneo has experienced heavy deforestation and forest degradation during the past two decades. In this study the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer was used to monitor land cover change in
Increased damage from fires in logged forests during droughts caused by El Niño
The results support the hypothesis of positive feedback between logging and fire occurrence and significantly increased the risk of recurrent fire disasters by leaving huge amounts of dead flammable wood.
History of equatorial vegetation fires and fire research in Southeast Asia before the 1997–98 episode: A reconstruction of creeping environmental changes
Charcoal fragments in forest soils give evidence of prehistoric and historic natural and anthropogenic wildfires in the equatorial rainforests and in seasonal monsoon forests of continental and
Community fire use, resource change, and livelihood impacts: The downward spiral in the wetlands of southern Sumatra
Fire is an important community wetland management tool in Indonesia, but its increasing use in the wetlands of southern Sumatra is degrading the landscape and diminishing household incomes and