Influence of galactooligosaccharides on the human fecal microflora.

@article{Ito1993InfluenceOG,
  title={Influence of galactooligosaccharides on the human fecal microflora.},
  author={M. Ito and Y. Deguchi and K. Matsumoto and M. Kimura and N. Onodera and T. Yajima},
  journal={Journal of nutritional science and vitaminology},
  year={1993},
  volume={39 6},
  pages={
          635-40
        }
}
The effects of galactooligosaccharides intake on fecal microflora and their metabolism were investigated in twelve healthy volunteers, in whom the numbers of indigenous bifidobacteria are comparatively low. The galactooligosaccharides ingestion increased the number of bifidobacteria, but remarkable changes of other organisms were not observed. This sugar also lowered fecal nitroreductase activity, the concentrations of indole and isovaleric acid. 
Compared effects of three oligosaccharides on metabolism of intestinal microflora in rats inoculated with a human faecal flora.
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PRINCIPALES PREBIÓTICOS Y SUS EFECTOS EN LA ALIMENTACIÓN HUMANA
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Effect of transgalactooligosaccharides on the composition of the human intestinal microflora and on putative risk markers for colon cancer.
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It is concluded that transgalactooligosaccharides are completely fermented in the human colon, but do not beneficially change the composition of the intestinal microflora, the amount of protein fermentation products in feces, or the profile of bile acids in fecal water. Expand
A dose dependent impact of prebiotic galactooligosaccharides on the intestinal microbiota of healthy adults.
TLDR
This study showed that a high purity GOS, administered in a confection product at doses of 5g or higher, was bifidogenic, while a dose of 2.5g showed no significant effect, however, the results also showed that even when GOS was administered for many weeks and at high doses, there were still some individuals for which a bIfidogenic response did not occur. Expand
Non-digestible oligosaccharides used as prebiotic agents: mode of production and beneficial effects on animal and human health.
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The development of a second generation of oligosaccharides and the putative implication of a complex bacterial trophic chain in the intestinal prebiotic fermentation process are discussed. Expand
Effect of galacto-oligosaccharide supplementation on human faecal microflora and on survival and persistence of Bifidobacterium lactis Bb-12 in the gastrointestinal tract
Abstract Galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) are considered to have bifidogenic properties in humans. To study the effect of GOS-containing syrup (60% GOS) alone or together with the probiotic strainExpand
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The aim of this article is to examine how prebiotics are being applied to the improvement of human health and to review the scientific evidence supporting their use. Expand
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Cryptococcus laurentii OKN-4株によりラクトースから生成されるガラクトオリゴ糖をヒトが摂取した場合の, Bifidobacterium増殖における有効量の検討を行った。健康な成人男性を対象に, ガラクトオリゴ糖分として2g含むCOPを1日1回20日間摂取させて摂取前, 摂取中, 摂取後の糞便を採取し, 糞便フローラ,Expand
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