Influence of dispersion forces and ordering on the compositions of mixed monolayers of alkanoic acids on nanocrystalline TiO2 films.

Abstract

Lateral dispersion forces induce the ordering of n-alkanoic acids on nanocrystalline TiO2 films and cause the compositions of mixed monolayers to change. The equilibrium formation of single-component monolayers of n-alkanoic acids and 6-bromohexanoic acid (Br6A) on TiO2 was well-modeled by the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Surface adduct formation constants were 10(3)-10(4) M(-1), and saturation amounts of adsorbates per projected surface area of TiO2 were on the order of 10(-7) mol cm(-2). The adsorption of n-heneicosanoic acid (21A) followed Langmuir kinetics, whereas the net rates of adsorption of shorter n-alkanoic acids and Br6A were slower than predicted by simple Langmuir kinetics, suggesting that desorption was non-negligible. At high surface coverages, n-alkanoic acids with 14 or more methylene groups formed ordered, crystalline monolayers, as evidenced by shifts of asymmetric and symmetric CH2 stretching bands in IR spectra. The extent of ordering was similar to that of self-assembled monolayers of alkanethiols on gold. The formation of ordered monolayers was well-modeled by an idealized mechanism, in which adsorption and desorption followed Langmuir kinetics and ordering was first-order with respect to the fractional surface coverage of adsorbates. Dispersion forces and ordering affected the compositions of mixed monolayers of 21A and Br6A on TiO2 films that remained in contact with mixed coadsorption solutions. When the fractional surface coverage of 21A was sufficiently high to induce ordering, it displaced Br6A from TiO2. We propose that these compositional changes were driven by the stabilization of 21A via cohesive lateral dispersion forces. Our results reveal that mixed monolayers on nanocrystalline TiO2 films are dynamic and that noncovalent intermolecular interactions can profoundly influence their compositions and properties.

DOI: 10.1021/la4030519

Cite this paper

@article{Kern2013InfluenceOD, title={Influence of dispersion forces and ordering on the compositions of mixed monolayers of alkanoic acids on nanocrystalline TiO2 films.}, author={Meghan E Kern and David F. Watson}, journal={Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids}, year={2013}, volume={29 45}, pages={13797-807} }