Influence of copper exposure on whole-body sodium levels in larval fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas).

Abstract

Because metals such as Cu inhibit ionoregulation, the increased energy requirement to counter passive diffusive losses in soft water may translate into increased sensitivity to metal exposure. We developed a method to determine whole-body Na concentrations of larval fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) as a physiological indicator of health. This method… (More)
DOI: 10.1897/07-467

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