Influence of coffee drinking and cigarette smoking on the risk of primary late onset blepharospasm: evidence from a multicentre case control study.

@article{Defazio2007InfluenceOC,
  title={Influence of coffee drinking and cigarette smoking on the risk of primary late onset blepharospasm: evidence from a multicentre case control study.},
  author={Giovanni Defazio and Diana Martino and Giovanni Abbruzzese and Paolo Girlanda and Michele Tinazzi and Givanni Fabbrini and C. Colosimo and Maria Stella Aniello and Laura Avanzino and Maria Buccafusca and Giovanni Majorana and Carlo Trompetto and Paolo Livrea and Alfredo Berardelli},
  journal={Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry},
  year={2007},
  volume={78 8},
  pages={877-9}
}
Prior coffee and smoking habits were investigated in a multicentre case control study involving 166 patients presenting with primary late onset blepharospasm (BSP), 228 hospital control patients with primary hemifacial spasm and 187 population control subjects from five Italian centres. Information on age at disease onset, smoking and coffee drinking status at the reference age and average number of cups of coffee drunk/cigarettes smoked per day reached high and similar test-retest… CONTINUE READING

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