Three, 12- and 20-month-old C57Bl6 mice, reared in standard conditions or in an enriched environment, were administered subcutaneously either scopolamine hydrobromide (SIGMA), 0.6 and 1.2 mg kg(-1), or physiological saline 15 min before testing their motor skills (muscular strength, dynamic equilibrium and motor coordination) and motor learning abilities (number of trials needed to reach a learning criterion on a rotorod rotating at 27 revolutions per min). The results demonstrated a lack of correlation between motor skill scores and between motor skill and motor learning scores, suggesting that the rotorod training procedure measures motor learning and not motor skills or is insensitive to changes in motor skills. They also demonstrated that motor skills decreased with age but were insensitive to environmental rearing and to scopolamine. In contrast, the learning scores, which also decreased with age, were very sensitive to scopolamine, particularly in the oldest mice. These results are discussed according to the role of cholinergic system in motor learning during aging.