Influence of calcium permeabilization and membrane-attached hemoglobin on erythrocyte deformability.

Abstract

The present study was designed to evaluate the influence of intracellular calcium [Ca]i regulated membrane attached hemoglobin (Hbm) on the deformability of human RBC and ghosts. [Ca]i of RBC was elevated via the ionophore A23187 (10 microM); the deformability of RBC and resealed ghosts was determined via measuring RBC and ghost transit times through 5 microns diameter pores with the Cell Transit Analyzer (CTA). Salient results included: (1) significantly increased RBC levels of Hbm following ionophore treatment; (2) elevated Hbm with increasing lysing medium calcium concentration (0-5 mM); (3) decreased deformability of both intact RBC and ghosts with increasing Hbm and significant (P less than 0.02 or better) linear relationships between Hbm and RBC or ghost transit times; and (4) an increased sensitivity to ionophore treatment/membrane attached hemoglobin for the higher percentiles of the CTA transit time distribution (i.e., for more rigid subpopulations). Our results thus indicate that calcium-induced interaction of hemoglobin with the RBC membrane produces cellular rheological changes; in addition, they demonstrate the usefulness of the CTA system in measuring both average RBC rheologic behavior and the distribution of cellular rheologic properties within an erythrocyte population.

Cite this paper

@article{Friederichs1992InfluenceOC, title={Influence of calcium permeabilization and membrane-attached hemoglobin on erythrocyte deformability.}, author={E Friederichs and Robert A. Farley and Herbert J. Meiselman}, journal={American journal of hematology}, year={1992}, volume={41 3}, pages={170-7} }