Influence of alpha-hydroxylation of glycolipids on domain formation in lipid monolayers.


By means of fluorescence and scanning force microscopy (SFM), we investigated the phase behavior of lipid monolayers composed of a mixture of 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, sphingomyelin, and cholesterol (5/2/3) with either alpha-hydroxylated or nonhydroxylated galactocerebroside. Fluorescence images of lipid monolayers at the air-water interface demonstrate that, independent of the lipid mixture, phase separation occurs at low surface pressure up to 4-6 mN m(-1), while an almost homogeneous phase is observed at larger surface pressures. However, by means of SFM of lipid monolayers transferred by the Langmuir-Blodgett technique at around 30 mN m(-1), nanometer-sized domains became discernible in those lipid mixtures that contained galactocerebroside, while, in that without a glycolipid, no such domain formation was visible. Moreover, the alpha-hydroxy group of the galactocerebroside alters the size and the total area of the domains significantly.

Cite this paper

@article{Windschiegl2006InfluenceOA, title={Influence of alpha-hydroxylation of glycolipids on domain formation in lipid monolayers.}, author={Barbara Windschiegl and Claudia Steinem}, journal={Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids}, year={2006}, volume={22 18}, pages={7454-7} }