Influence of Repeated Senna Laxative Use on Skin Barrier Function in Mice

Abstract

BACKGROUND Senna, one of the major stimulant laxatives, is widely used for treating constipation. Chronic senna use has been reported to be associated with colonic disorders such as melanosis coli and/or epithelial hyperplasia. However, there is no obvious information on the influence of chronic senna use on organs except for the intestine. OBJECTIVE To clarify the influence of senna laxative use on skin barrier function by repeated senna administration. METHODS Eight-week-old male hairless mice received senna (10 mg/kg/day) for 21 days. After administration, we evaluated transepidermal water loss (TEWL), and investigated the biomarkers in plasma and skin using protein analysis methods. RESULTS Fecal water content on day seven was significantly increased; however, on day 21, it was significantly decreased after repeated senna administration. In the senna-administered group, TEWL was significantly higher compared to the control on days seven and 21. Plasma acetylcholine concentration and NO2-/NO3- were increased on days seven and 21, respectively. In skin, tryptase-positive mast cells and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-positive cells were increased on days seven and 21, respectively. The increase of TEWL on days seven and 21 was suppressed by the administration of atropine and N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, respectively. CONCLUSION It was suggested that diarrhea or constipation induced by repeated senna administration caused the impairment of skin barrier function. There is a possibility that this impaired skin barrier function occurred due to degranulation of mast cells via cholinergic signals or oxidative stress derived from iNOS.

DOI: 10.5021/ad.2017.29.4.414

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@inproceedings{Yokoyama2017InfluenceOR, title={Influence of Repeated Senna Laxative Use on Skin Barrier Function in Mice}, author={Satoshi Yokoyama and Keiichi Hiramoto and Yurika Yamate and Kazuya Ooi}, booktitle={Annals of dermatology}, year={2017} }