Influence of PTSD symptom clusters on smoking status among help-seeking Iraq and Afghanistan veterans.

@article{Cook2009InfluenceOP,
  title={Influence of PTSD symptom clusters on smoking status among help-seeking Iraq and Afghanistan veterans.},
  author={Jessica W Cook and Matthew Jakupcak and Robert Rosenheck and Alan F. Fontana and Miles M McFall},
  journal={Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco},
  year={2009},
  volume={11 10},
  pages={1189-95}
}
INTRODUCTION Despite the strong association between smoking and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mechanisms influencing smoking in this population remain unclear. Previous smoking research has largely examined PTSD as a homogenous syndrome despite the fact that PTSD is composed of four distinct symptom clusters (i.e., reexperiencing, effortful avoidance, emotional numbing, and hyperarousal). Examination of the relationship between smoking and PTSD symptom clusters may increase… CONTINUE READING

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