Influence of Na+ and Ca2+ on flame retardancy, thermal degradation, and pyrolysis behavior of cellulose fibers.

Abstract

Flame-retardant cellulose-Na and cellulose-Ca fibers were successfully synthesized by grafting Na+ and Ca2+ onto cellulose fibers, and confirmed by FTIR. The combustion behavior of the fibers was assessed by the limiting oxygen index (LOI) and cone calorimeter (CONE). The maximum LOI values of cellulose-Na and cellulose-Ca fibers were 31 and 30, which are… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.11.034

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