Influence of Hemorrhage on Adrenal Secretion, Blood Glucose and Serum Insulin in the Awake Pig

  title={Influence of Hemorrhage on Adrenal Secretion, Blood Glucose and Serum Insulin in the Awake Pig},
  author={Larry C. Carey and Richard A. Curtin and Joseph D. Sapira},
  journal={Annals of Surgery},
A study was performed to quantitate the adrenal medullary and cortical response to hemorrhage in awake animals bled at different rates and to relate these responses to simultaneous changes in blood glucose and serum insulin. A series of awake pigs were bled either slowly or rapidly of 30% of their calculated blood volume. Infusions of exogenous epinephrine were performed in an additional series of unbled animals and infusions of epinephrine plus hydrocortisone were similarly performed in an… 
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