ABC multidrug transporters: target for modulation of drug pharmacokinetics and drug-drug interactions.
OBJECTIVE Lansoprazole and tacrolimus are substrates of ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters such as P-glycoprotein (ABCBI/multidrug resistance 1) and cytochrome P450 (CYP). The purpose of this study was to investigate the implication of the ABCB1 C3435Tpolymorphism on the pharmacokinetics of (R)-lansoprazole, the major enantiomer, in CYP2C19 extensive metabolizers (EMs) and on gastroesophageal symptoms in renal transplant recipients receiving tacrolimus. MATERIALS 24 recipients who were CYP2C19 EMs were studied. METHODS Oral administration of 30 mg lansoprazole was started 2 days before transplantation. On Day 2 before and Day 28 after transplantation, the plasma concentrations of (R)-lansoprazole and tacrolimus were measured. RESULTS Pretransplantation, there were no significant differences in the pharmacokinetic parameters of (R)-lansoprazole between the 3 ABCBI C3435T genotypes. However, after renal transplantation, the peak plasma concentration (Cma ) and area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUCO-24) of (R)-lansoprazole in patients with the ABCB1 C3435T C allele significantly increased, but not in patients with the TT genotype. These pharmacokinetic variations in (R)-lansoprazole did not influence the AUC of tacrolimus. There were no significant differences in the frequency of gastroesophageal symptoms among the three ABCB] C3435Tgenotypes. CONCLUSIONS (R)-lansoprazole concentrations significantly increased in CYP2C19 extensive metabolizers with the ABCB1 C3435T C allele, but not TT genotype, after renal transplantation. However, the clinical relevance of this observation may be minor because these pharmacogenetic changes were not associated with the occurrence of gastroesophageal complications.