Inflation of Type I Error Rates by Unequal Variances Associated with Parametric, Nonparametric, and Rank-Transformation Tests

Abstract

It is well known that the two-sample Student t test fails to maintain its significance level when the variances of treatment groups are unequal, and, at the same time, sample sizes are unequal. However, introductory textbooks in psychology and education often maintain that the test is robust to variance heterogeneity when sample sizes are equal. The present… (More)

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