Inflammatory cytokines in vascular dysfunction and vascular disease.

  title={Inflammatory cytokines in vascular dysfunction and vascular disease.},
  author={Alexander H Sprague and Raouf Ali Khalil},
  journal={Biochemical pharmacology},
  volume={78 6},
The vascular inflammatory response involves complex interaction between inflammatory cells (neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, macrophages), endothelial cells (ECs), vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), and extracellular matrix (ECM). Vascular injury is associated with increased expression of adhesion molecules by ECs and recruitment of inflammatory cells, growth factors, and cytokines, with consequent effects on ECs, VSMCs and ECM. Cytokines include tumor necrosis factors, interleukins… CONTINUE READING
Highly Influential
This paper has highly influenced 20 other papers. REVIEW HIGHLY INFLUENTIAL CITATIONS
318 Citations
0 References
Similar Papers


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 318 extracted citations

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…