BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Inflammatory biomarkers, including lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) are associated with ischemic stroke risk. White matter hyperintensities (WMH) seen on brain MRI scans are associated with vascular risk factors and an increased risk of incident stroke, but their relation to inflammatory biomarkers is unclear. METHODS The Northern Manhattan Study includes a stroke-free community-based sample of Hispanic, black, and white participants with quantitative measurement of WMH volume (WMHV) and inflammatory biomarkers. We measured the association between Lp-PLA2, MPO, and hsCRP levels, and log-transformed WMHV after adjusting for sociodemographic and vascular risk factors. RESULTS The hsCRP (median, 2.42 mg/L; IQR, 1.04, 5.19), Lp-PLA2 (median, 220.97 ng/mL; IQR, 185.77, 268.05), and MPO (median, 15.14 ng/mL; IQR, 12.32, 19.69) levels were available in 527 The Northern Manhattan Study participants with WMHV data but no subclinical infarcts. Those with hsCRP in the upper quartile (Q4 >4.92 mg/L or >3 mg/L), Lp-PLA2 in Q4 (>or=264.9 ng/mL), or MPO levels in Q3 (15.04-19.39 ng/mL) or Q4 (>19.39 ng/mL) each had greater WMHV, adjusting for sociodemographic and vascular risk factors. Adjusting for all biomarkers simultaneously, WMHV was 1.3-fold greater for Lp-PLA2 levels in Q4 compared to Q1 (beta=0.28; P=0.008) and 1.25-fold greater for MPO levels above the median compared to below (beta=0.22; P=0.02), but hsCRP was not associated with WMHV. CONCLUSIONS Relative elevations of the inflammatory markers Lp-PLA2 and MPO were associated with a greater burden of WMH independent of hsCRP.