Inflammatory biomarkers in heart failure revisited: much more than innocent bystanders.

  title={Inflammatory biomarkers in heart failure revisited: much more than innocent bystanders.},
  author={Stephan von Haehling and Joerg C Schefold and Mitja Lainscak and Wolfram Doehner and Stefan D. Anker},
  journal={Heart failure clinics},
  volume={5 4},
Chronic heart failure is viewed as a state of chronic inflammation. Many inflammatory markers have been shown to be up-regulated in patients who have this condition, but the markers' roles in clinical decision making have not yet been fully elucidated. A panel of biomarkers is likely to have a strong impact on patient management. Inflammatory biomarkers are interesting candidates that could answer specific clinical questions on their own or complement a multi-marker approach. This article… CONTINUE READING

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