Inflammatory and angiogenic factors in the aqueous humor and the relationship to diabetic retinopathy.


PURPOSE To determine the relationship between the aqueous concentrations of inflammatory and angiogenic factors and the severity of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema. METHODS Aqueous samples were obtained from 50 eyes of diabetic patients and 28 eyes of nondiabetic subjects. The aqueous levels of inflammatory factors, including IL-1β, TNF… (More)
DOI: 10.3109/02713683.2010.510257


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