Infixation and segmental constraint effects: UM and IN in Tagalog, Chamorro, and Toba Batak

  title={Infixation and segmental constraint effects: UM and IN in Tagalog, Chamorro, and Toba Batak},
  author={Thomas B. Klein},
An OT analysis of -in- infixation in Takibakha Bunun
Infixation is one of the vital characteristics of Austronesian languages. However, there are still some phonological problems about infixation remained to be solved. This study will mainly focus on
Infixes really are (underlyingly) prefixes/suffixes: Evidence from allomorphy on the fine timing of infixation∗
While infixation and allomorphy have long been investigated as independent phenomena (see, e.g., Ultan 1975, Moravcsik 1977, Yu 2007 on infixation, and Carstairs 1987, Paster 2006, Veselinova 2006 on
Infixation as Morpheme Absorption *
This article examines data from the languages Palauan and Akkadian where identical infixes and prefixes respond differently to feature cooccurrence restrictions (OCP). In both languages, OCP is
Diverse repairs for multiple labial consonants
The relationship between constraints on surface forms and operations that alter representations is of central interest in phonological theory. This squib presents a case of diverse “repairs” in
On the basis of Chamorro, an Austronesian language spoken in the Mariana Islands, I provide an argument for an old idea in the study of morphophonology: modeling opacity via serially ordered
Ga imperatives and Richness of the Base*
This paper proposes a solution to a Richness of the Base problem that is inherent in the morpho-tonology of Gã verbs to which the imperative morpheme i.e. a floating high tone (plus sometimes, a
*Aff-STEM-ix: On discontinuous morphology
Introduction This paper is a discussion of the predictions of the theory of Prosodic Morphology and its consequences. In particular, it is about two predicted patterns within the theory of Prosodic
Infixation in the Americas: A Cross-Linguistic Survey
  • Tim Zingler
  • Linguistics
    International Journal of American Linguistics
  • 2022
This article gives an overview of American infixes, with a focus on their morphosyntactic properties. A large-scale survey of both North and South American languages reveals several patterns, such
Gaps and repairs at the phonology–morphology interface
  • C. Rice
  • Linguistics
    Journal of Linguistics
  • 2007
A model is offered in which the appearance of gaps is based on a tension between markedness constraints, faithfulness constraints, and constraints which require the expression of morphological categories, drawing on Smith's (2001) proposal thatfaithfulness constraints can be indexed to lexical categories to model this situation.
Non-concatenative morphology as epiphenomenon
Somewhere between the system of syntax-semantics and the system of phonology, there is an interface in which representations legible to the one system are mapped to representations legible to the


Um infixation and prefixation in Toba Batak
This report examines the behavior of a morpheme um in Toba Batak (Malayo-Polynesian) which alternates as a prefix or an infix, and argues that the observed variation is conditioned by constraints on
Metathesis in phonological theory: the case of Leti: the case of Leti
Reduplication and syllabification in Ilokano
The prosody-morphology interface: The Prosody-Morphology Interface
Contributors Preface 1. Introduction Rene Kager and Wim Zonneveld 2. On the moraic representation of underlying geminates: evidence from prosodic morphology Stuart Davis 3. Verbal reduplication in
Coda conditions and um infixation in Toba Batak
The OCP in Functional Phonology
Though seemingly a good candidate for a universal output-oriented constraint, the OCP does not occur as a constraint in the production grammar. Instead, it handles, in interaction with the NoCrossing
The Prosody Of Phase In Rotuman
It is argued that Optimality Theory (Prince andSmolensky 1993) helps to make sense of both the shape differences between phases in Rotuman and some claims about the nature of templates and prosodic circumscription in the theory of ProsodicMorphology.
>Umlaut< in Optimality Theory: A Comparative Analysis of German and Chamorro
A fresh perspective of the phonology-morphology interface and the interaction between segmental and metrical structure with wider cross-linguistic implications is developed, including a new conception of morphological conditioning based on morphological faithfulness and Representation as Pure Markedness.
Among the common strategies for eliminating vocalic hiatus is vowel elision. In some cases, it is the first vowel (VI) that elides, while in others it is the second (V2). Analyses of elision have,
I present a model of phonological representation which represents morphemes in terms of constraint violations rather than strings of segments or root nodes. The formalism allows representation to be