Inferior vena caval tumor extension in renal cell carcinoma.


Tumor extension into the inferior vena cava occurs in 4-10% of renal cell carcinomas. The presence of such inferior vena caval involvement by tumor may be considered the only extrarenal manifestation of renal cell carcinoma which does not significantly affect prognosis which is determined by lymphatic and blood-spread distant metastasis. The indication for… (More)


Figures and Tables

Sorry, we couldn't extract any figures or tables for this paper.

Slides referencing similar topics