Inferior ST segment depression as a useful marker for identifying proximal left anterior descending artery occlusion during acute anterior myocardial infarction.

Abstract

To determine whether or not ST segment deviation on admission electrocardiograms can identify patients with anterior acute myocardial infarction due to proximal left anterior descending artery occlusion, the magnitude and location of ST segment elevation or depression were compared between patients with proximal left anterior descending artery occlusion (group A, n = 47) and those with distal left anterior descending artery occlusion (group B, n = 59). ST segment depression in each of the inferior leads was significantly greater in group A than in group B. The incidence of ST segment depression > or = 1 mm in each of the inferior leads (II; 81% vs 27%, III; 85% vs 54%, aVF; 87% vs 47%, P < 0.01) was significantly higher in group A than in group B. In addition, the incidence of ST segment depression > or = 1 mm in all of the inferior leads was significantly greater in group A than in group B (77% vs 22%, P < 0.01). In group A, maximal ST segment elevation was more frequent in lead V2 alone (43% vs 14%, P < 0.01). Group A had greater ST segment elevation in lead aVL than group B, and the incidence of ST segment elevation > or = 1 mm in lead aVL was significantly higher in group A than in group B (66% vs 47%, P < 0.05). ST segment depression > or = 1 mm in all of the inferior leads was most valuable for identifying group A patients (77% sensitivity and 78% specificity). In contrast, the maximal ST segment elevation in lead V2 alone or ST segment elevation > or = 1 mm in lead aVL had a low diagnostic value (43% sensitivity and 86% specificity, 66% sensitivity and 53% specificity, respectively). In conclusion, this study indicates that analysis of ST segment deviation in the inferior leads is useful for identifying patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction due to proximal left anterior descending occlusion.

Cite this paper

@article{Tamura1995InferiorSS, title={Inferior ST segment depression as a useful marker for identifying proximal left anterior descending artery occlusion during acute anterior myocardial infarction.}, author={Akira Tamura and Hiroaki Kataoka and Yoshiaki Mikuriya and Masaru Nasu}, journal={European heart journal}, year={1995}, volume={16 12}, pages={1795-9} }