Inference by eye: confidence intervals and how to read pictures of data.

@article{Cumming2005InferenceBE,
  title={Inference by eye: confidence intervals and how to read pictures of data.},
  author={Geoff Cumming and Sue Finch},
  journal={The American psychologist},
  year={2005},
  volume={60 2},
  pages={
          170-80
        }
}
Wider use in psychology of confidence intervals (CIs), especially as error bars in figures, is a desirable development. However, psychologists seldom use CIs and may not understand them well. The authors discuss the interpretation of figures with error bars and analyze the relationship between CIs and statistical significance testing. They propose 7 rules of eye to guide the inferential use of figures with error bars. These include general principles: Seek bars that relate directly to effects… CONTINUE READING

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