Infective endocarditis in congenital heart disease

  title={Infective endocarditis in congenital heart disease},
  author={Walter Knirsch and David Nadal},
  journal={European Journal of Pediatrics},
Congenital heart disease (CHD) has become the leading risk factor for pediatric infective endocarditis (IE) in developed countries after the decline of rheumatic heart disease. Advances in catheter- and surgery-based cardiac interventions have rendered almost all types of CHD amenable to complete correction or at least palliation. Patient survival has increased, and a new patient population, referred to as adult CHD (ACHD) patients, has emerged. Implanted prosthetic material paves the way for… CONTINUE READING


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