Infectiousness in a cohort of brazilian dogs: why culling fails to control visceral leishmaniasis in areas of high transmission.

@article{Courtenay2002InfectiousnessIA,
  title={Infectiousness in a cohort of brazilian dogs: why culling fails to control visceral leishmaniasis in areas of high transmission.},
  author={Orin Courtenay and Rupert J. Quinnell and Lourdes Maria Garcez and Jeffrey Jon Shaw and Christopher Dye},
  journal={The Journal of infectious diseases},
  year={2002},
  volume={186 9},
  pages={1314-20}
}
The elimination of seropositive dogs in Brazil has been used to control zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis but with little success. To elucidate the reasons for this, the infectiousness of 50 sentinel dogs exposed to natural Leishmania chagasi infection was assessed through time by xenodiagnosis with the sandfly vector, Lutzomyia longipalpis. Eighteen (43%) of 42 infected dogs became infectious after a median of 333 days in the field (105 days after seroconversion). Seven highly infectious dogs… CONTINUE READING
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