Infectious diseases following natural disasters: prevention and control measures

@article{Kouadio2012InfectiousDF,
  title={Infectious diseases following natural disasters: prevention and control measures},
  author={Isidore Koffi Kouadio and Syed Mohamed Aljunid and Taro Kamigaki and Karen S Hammad and Hitoshi Oshitani},
  journal={Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy},
  year={2012},
  volume={10},
  pages={104 - 95}
}
Natural disasters may lead to infectious disease outbreaks when they result in substantial population displacement and exacerbate synergic risk factors (change in the environment, in human conditions and in the vulnerability to existing pathogens) for disease transmission. We reviewed risk factors and potential infectious diseases resulting from prolonged secondary effects of major natural disasters that occurred from 2000 to 2011. Natural disasters including floods, tsunamis, earthquakes… 

Respiratory Infections Following Earthquake-Induced Tsunamis: Transmission Risk Factors and Lessons Learned for Disaster Risk Management

TLDR
Destruction of health care infrastructures, overcrowded evacuation shelters, exposure to high pathogen densities, aggravating weather conditions, regional disease endemicity, and low vaccination coverage were the major triggering factors of RI occurrence in post-tsunami disaster settings.

Traits and risk factors of post-disaster infectious disease outbreaks: a systematic review

TLDR
A global systematic review of post-disaster outbreaks found that outbreaks linked to conflicts and hydrological events were most frequently reported, and most often caused by bacterial and water-borne agents.

Review on Major Disease Threats in Case of Emergencies

TLDR
Since the occurrence of emergencies and natural disasters is uncertain, every country should develop a way of preventing infectious disease that may occur in consequence of natural disasters, war and terrorism.

Respiratory Illness in Civilians During War and After Natural Disasters

TLDR
Health crises may be defined as the occurrence of morbidity and mortality in excess of secular trends, because of natural or man-made disasters, due to armed conflict, population displacement, or a combination of both.

Emergence and containment of zoonoses after disasters

TLDR
This review presents concise information of zoonotic diseases that occurred under various disastrous situations and the containment measures of such diseases are also discussed.

Understanding the risks for post-disaster infectious disease outbreaks: a systematic review protocol

TLDR
This review aims to gain a greater understanding of the risk factors involved in these contextual outbreaks on a global level and use the results to inform future mathematical modelling studies.

Bacterial infection during wars, conflicts and post-natural disasters in Asia and the Middle East: a narrative review

TLDR
A systematic review of the bacterial infections occurring during wars and after natural disasters, among refugees, wounded citizens and soldiers as well as the prevention and control measures that must be taken.

The impact of natural disasters on the spread of COVID-19: a geospatial, agent-based epidemiology model

TLDR
The results show that the occurrence of a natural disaster in most cases leads to an increase in infection related fatalities, with wide variance in possible outcomes depending on the timing of the natural disaster relative to the peak in infections and the duration of theNatural disaster.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 333 REFERENCES

Infectious diseases following major disasters.

Tsunami in South Asia: what is the risk of post-disaster infectious disease outbreaks?

TLDR
The risk and preventive strategies of vector- and food/water-borne diseases, measles, acute respiratory infections and meningitis are examined based on a literature review of previous similar disasters and current evidence.

Epidemics after Natural Disasters

TLDR
The risk factors for outbreaks after a disaster are outlined, the communicable diseases likely to be important are reviewed, and priorities to address Communicable diseases in disaster settings are established.

Post-flood — Infectious Diseases in Mozambique

TLDR
The JDR Medical Team was sent to Mozambique where a flood disaster occurred during January to March 2000 and the number of patients and the incidence of endemic infectious diseases, such as malaria and diarrhea, increased following the flood.

Infectious disease risks from dead bodies following natural disasters.

  • O. Morgan
  • Medicine
    Revista panamericana de salud publica = Pan American journal of public health
  • 2004
TLDR
To review existing literature to assess the risks of infection from dead bodies after a natural disaster occurs, including who is most at risk, what precautions should be taken, and how to safely dispose of the bodies, using the PubMed on-line databases is provided.

Infectious disease emergencies in disasters.

Risk factors for typhoid and paratyphoid fever in Jakarta, Indonesia.

TLDR
Community-based case-control study in Jakarta found typhoid and paratyphoid fever are associated with distinct routes of transmission, with the risk factors for disease either mainly within the household (typhoid) or outside the Household (paratYphoid).

Rapid health response, assessment and surveillance after a tsunami, Thailand, 2004-2005.

TLDR
The experiences in Thailand underscore the value of written and rehearsed disaster plans, capacity for rapid mobilization, local coordination of relief activities, and active public health surveillance.
...