Infectious differential diagnosis of chronic generalized pruritus without primary cutaneous lesions: a review of the literature

  title={Infectious differential diagnosis of chronic generalized pruritus without primary cutaneous lesions: a review of the literature},
  author={Sara Molkara and Sara Sabourirad and Kasra Molooghi},
  journal={International Journal of Dermatology},
Pruritus is one of the most common complaints among patients referred to a dermatology clinic. “Chronic generalized pruritus” is described as the sensation of itching on the entire body surface, which lasts at least 6 or more weeks. This symptom can be a disabling phenomenon for patients and may sometimes interfere with daily activities such as sleep. If specific dermatological findings are observed, the physician easily comes to a diagnosis and treats the condition, whereas, when primary… 
Chronic Pruritus in the Absence of Skin Disease: A Retrospective Study of 197 French Inpatients.
The main causes of CP were psychogenic pruritus, neuropathy, neuropathic, endocrine, haematological, and iatrogenic, and the efficacy of these treatments was rarely complete.


The Role of Hepatitis C Virus Infection in Patients with Chronic Generalized Pruritus
The incidence of HCV infection in patients with generalized pruritus was compared to that of the control group, which comprised 100 dermatology outpatients withoutPruritus, crossmatching for age and gender with the patient group as 2 controls for each patient.
Should patients with pruritus be tested for hepatitis C virus infection? A case‐controlled study
A child with LCH is described, who presented with an uncommon pattern of pustular lesions on the forehead, hands, feet and genital region, following an atypical clinical course.
Systematic cutaneous examination in hepatitis C virus infected patients.
The findings indicate that systematic skin check-up in HCV-positive patients is valuable, and the virological data of patients with pruritus or lichen planus were not different than those of the rest of the group.
HIV-Associated Pruritus
The management of HIV-associated pruritus should be directed at the underlying condition, and Phototherapy has been found to be useful in the treatment of several HIV- associated dermatoses and idiopathicPruritus as well.
Pruritus in HIV-infected patients in the era of combination antiretroviral therapy: a study of its prevalence and causes
It is concluded that pruritus is still a frequent symptom in HIV-infected patients and the most frequent dermatological entities responsible for this symptom were xerosis, seborrhoeic eczema and interdigital tinea pedis.
Clinical classification of itch: a position paper of the International Forum for the Study of Itch.
This is the first version of a clinical classification worked out by the members of the International Forum for the Study of Itch intended to serve as a diagnostic route for better evaluation of patients with chronic pruritus and aims to improve patients' care.
Cutaneous manifestations of human toxocariasis.
A 34-year-old man with chronic itching and peripheral and submucosal eosinophilia.
A 34-year-old man with peripheral eosinophilia, chronic pruritus, and colonic eosinophilic infiltration is presented as a patient-oriented problem-solving case report to show the important aspects of
Skin Manifestations Associated with Toxocariasis: A Case-Control Study
It is concluded that patients suffering from urticaria or prurigo should be tested for Toxocara infection and whether these patients should be treated with anthelminthic drugs remains to be determined in further studies.
Pulmonary strongyloidiasis: clinical and imaging features.
The clinical and imaging features of pulmonary strongyloidiasis are reviewed and clues that can lead to earlier diagnosis, recognition of complications, and prompt treatment are emphasized.