Infection of sand flies by humans coinfected with Leishmania infantum and human immunodeficiency virus.

  title={Infection of sand flies by humans coinfected with Leishmania infantum and human immunodeficiency virus.},
  author={R. Molina and J. Lohse and F. Pulido and F. Laguna and R. L{\'o}pez-V{\'e}lez and J. Alvar},
  journal={The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene},
  volume={60 1},
To determine the role that Leishmania infantum/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfected patients could play in the epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), we applied direct xenodiagnosis of VL in this study to test the infectivity of six coinfected patients to colonized Phlebotomus perniciosus. All patients proved to be infective for the sand flies. The infectivity of patients who had still not received specific treatment for VL was inversely proportional to their absolute CD4+ T… Expand
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