Infant and child death in the human environment of evolutionary adaptation

  title={Infant and child death in the human environment of evolutionary adaptation},
  author={Anthony A. Volk and Jeremy Atkinson},
  journal={Evolution and Human Behavior},
What is the expected human childhood? Insights from evolutionary anthropology
The results show that mean levels of threat and deprivation were higher than is typical in industrialized societies, and that the authors' species has experienced much variation in the levels of these adversities across space and time.
When do parents bury a child? Quantifying uncertainty in the parental age at offspring loss
Mortality decline in the context of the demographic transition is often portrayed as the harbinger of a progressively ‘ordered’ world in which deaths become more predictable. In this narrative,
Expectable environments in early life
Adolescence and innovation in the European Upper Palaeolithic
Abstract Abstract Childhood and adolescence are two stages of development that are unique to the human life course. While childhood in the Pleistocene has received considerable attention in recent
Evolutionary demography of agricultural expansion in preindustrial northern Finland
Compared key life-history traits and population growth rate using comprehensive data from the seventieth to nineteenth century Northern Finland, it is found that agriculture-based families had higher lifetime fecundity, faster birth spacing and lower maternal mortality.
Incorporating Development Into Evolutionary Psychology
It is argued that adaptations develop and are based on the highly plastic nature of infants’ and children’s behavior/cognition/brains, and that the integration of developmental concepts into mainstream evolutionary psychology (and evolutionary concept into mainstream developmental psychology) will provide a clearer picture of what it means to be human.
Jealousy and Attachment: Adaptations to Threat Posed by the Birth of a Sibling
  • S. Hart
  • Psychology
    Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences
  • 2018
This paper theorizes on the constructs of jealousy and infant-caregiver attachment by proposing a synthesis that bridges parent-offspring conflict theory (POCT; Trivers, 1974) with the


Is child death the crucible of human evolution
The historical rates of child mortality, the relative odds associated with passing on one's genes, adult mental adaptations to child mortality; and child mental adaptationsto child mortality are discussed.
Neanderthal mortality patterns
Evolutionary hypotheses for human childhood
Evidence is presented that childhood evolved as a new stage hominid life history, first appearing, perhaps, during the time of Homo habilis.
High adult mortality among Hiwi hunter-gatherers: implications for human evolution.
Longevity Among Hunter‐ Gatherers: A Cross‐Cultural Examination
This work argues for an adaptive life span of 68-78 years for modern "Homo sapiens" based on analysis of mortality profiles obtained from small-scale hunter-gatherer and horticultural populations from around the world, and integrates information on age-specific dependency and resource production to help explain the adaptive utility of longevity in humans from an evolutionary perspective.
The adaptive legacy of human evolution: A search for the environment of evolutionary adaptedness
The EEA is a new tool in the battery of evolutionary concepts, and it is important both that it is scrutinized for its utility and that the actual reconstructions of the environments in which humans and hominids evolved are based on sound palaeobiological inference and an appropriate use of the phylogenetic context of primate evolution.
Demographic parameters and life history of chimpanzees at Bossou, Guinea.
  • Y. Sugiyama
  • Biology, Psychology
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 2004
The rate of disappearance from Bossou dramatically increases during the adolescent stage, and most young chimpanzees disappear before or around maturation, and the lifetime reproductive success of Bossou chimpanzees is estimated to be highest among long-term study sites.
Infant and Child Mortality
POLITICAL economists are generally agreed that, if a country is to be prosperous and to maintain its place among- the nations, its population must substantially and progressively increase. Two
Evolution of the human life cycle
  • B. Bogin, B. Smith
  • Biology
    American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council
  • 1996
It is hypothesized that the new life stages of the human life cycle represent feeding and reproductive specializations of the genus Homo.