Inescapable shocks accentuate fluctuations of forced swimming immobility in different phases of the rat estrous cycle.


The forced swimming test is an animal model that is sensitive to the different antidepressant treatments. On the other hand, it is also sensitive to the characteristic changes suffered by animals that have been previously exposed to different depression models. In the present study we explored the effects of inescapable shocks on the forced swimming test… (More)


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