Inescapable Stress Changes Walking Behavior in Flies - Learned Helplessness Revisited

@inproceedings{Batsching2016InescapableSC,
  title={Inescapable Stress Changes Walking Behavior in Flies - Learned Helplessness Revisited},
  author={Sophie Johanna Batsching and Reinhard Wolf and Martin Heisenberg},
  booktitle={PloS one},
  year={2016}
}
Like other animals flies develop a state of learned helplessness in response to unescapable aversive events. To show this, two flies, one 'master', one 'yoked', are each confined to a dark, small chamber and exposed to the same sequence of mild electric shocks. Both receive these shocks when the master fly stops walking for more than a second. Behavior in the two animals is differently affected by the shocks. Yoked flies are transiently impaired in place learning and take longer than master… CONTINUE READING
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