Inequities in the use of cesarean section deliveries in the world.


OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to describe the unequal distribution in the performance of cesarean section delivery (CS) in the world and the resource-use implications of such inequity. STUDY DESIGN We obtained data on the number of CSs performed in 137 countries in 2008. The consensus is that countries should achieve a 10% rate of CS; therefore, for countries that are below that rate, we calculated the cost to achieve a 10% rate. For countries with a CS rate of >15%, we calculated the savings that could be made by the achievement of a 15% rate. RESULTS Fifty-four countries had CS rates of <10%, whereas 69 countries showed rates of >15%. The cost of the global saving by a reduction of CS rates to 15% was estimated to be $2.32 billion (US dollars); the cost to attain a 10% CS rate was $432 million (US dollars). CONCLUSION CSs that are potentially medically unjustified appear to command a disproportionate share of global economic resources.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2012.02.026

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@article{Gibbons2012InequitiesIT, title={Inequities in the use of cesarean section deliveries in the world.}, author={Luz Gibbons and Jos{\'e} Miguel Beliz{\'a}n and Jeremy A. Lauer and Ana Pilar Betr{\'a}n and Mario Merialdi and Fernando Althabe}, journal={American journal of obstetrics and gynecology}, year={2012}, volume={206 4}, pages={331.e1-19} }