Inequality of opportunity in comparative perspective : Recent research on educational attainment and social mobility

@article{Breen2005InequalityOO,
  title={Inequality of opportunity in comparative perspective : Recent research on educational attainment and social mobility},
  author={Richard Breen and Jan O Jonsson},
  journal={Review of Sociology},
  year={2005},
  volume={31},
  pages={223-243}
}
Studies of how characteristics of the family of origin are associated with educational and labor market outcomes indicate the degree of openness of societies and have a long tradition in sociology. We review research published since 1990 into educational stratification and social (occupational or class) mobility, focusing on the importance of parental socioeconomic circumstances, and with particular emphasis on comparative studies. Large-scale data now available from many countries and several… Expand
Intergenerational Educational Mobility in Comparative Perspective: Persistent Inequality in Educational Attainment and its Institutional Context
Research has repeatedly shown that educational opportunities are distributed unevenly in all countries. Therefore, the question is not whether family background and educational outcomes are relatedExpand
Inequality of opportunity in educational attainment in the Middle East and North Africa: Evidence from household surveys
Education is widely considered as the most important path to social mobility in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), yet there are very few studies of the extent to which it fulfills thisExpand
The role of education on social mobility in Mexico and Chile
Education and its role in social stratification has been the focus of attention for a number of decades now. However, little is known as to what takes place in Latin America. The supposed point ofExpand
Gendering social mobility: a comparative perspective on the nexus of education and class across Europe
Research on social mobility typically acknowledges the relevance of gender. However, gender-based differences still lack extensive description and explanation. This article starts by reviewing aExpand
Cross‐Country Rankings in Intergenerational Mobility: A Comparison of Approaches from Economics and Sociology
Abstract This paper summarizes research on the relative level of intergenerational mobility – whether classified by income, education or social class. The literatures on education and income mobilityExpand
Social Origins and Inequality in Educational Returns in the Labour Market in Spain
This paper addresses four descriptive research questions. First, is there a direct effect of social background on labour market success over and above the effect of own education? Second, has thisExpand
The role of higher education stratification in the reproduction of social inequality in the labor market
Abstract This paper analyses whether social origins affect labor market outcomes (wage and occupational status) of a recent cohort of graduates and whether the type of qualification obtained (programExpand
Educational expansion without equalization: social origins and children’s choice of the upper secondary track in Italy (1958-1989)
This paper analyzes trends and patterns of social inequalities in the choice of the upper secondary track in Italy (1958-1989). The latter is particularly important to understand the persistentlyExpand
EDUCATIONAL MOBILITY ACROSS THREE GENERATIONS: THE CHANGING IMPACT OF PARENTAL SOCIAL CLASS, ECONOMIC, CULTURAL AND SOCIAL CAPITAL
ABSTRACT This article addresses why the literature on Inequality of Educational Opportunity (IEO) reaches diverging results concerning the decline or persistency of IEO over time. The main argumentExpand
Increasing inter-generational social mobility: is educational expansion the answer?
TLDR
Although the raising of the minimum school leaving age from 15 to 16 years in England and Wales in 1972 resulted in an increase in educational attainment in the population as a whole and a weakening of the association between attainment and class origin, there was no reliably discernible increase in the rate of intergenerational social mobility. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 131 REFERENCES
Inequality, economic growth and social mobility.
  • R. Breen
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • The British journal of sociology
  • 1997
TLDR
It is suggested that the intergenerational transmission of wealth and privilege, and the existence of ethnic, gender and other forms of ascriptive disadvantage, reduce economic efficiency, although they do not always diminish the extent of social mobility. Expand
COMPARATIVE SOCIAL MOBILITY REVISITED: MODELS OF CONVERGENCE AND DIVERGENCE IN 16 COUNTRIES*
This paper reanalyzes 3-stratum intergenerational mobility classifications, assembled by Hazelrigg and Garnier for men in 16 countries in the 1960s and 1970s. Log-linear and log-multiplicative modelsExpand
Class, Mobility and Merit The Experience of Two British Birth Cohorts
The controversial issue of meritocracy' can be most productively addressed if it is treated as one of direction of change over time: i.e. whether individual merit, understood in terms of ability,Expand
The Constant Flux: A Study of Class Mobility in Industrial Societies
This is a study of social mobility within the developing class structures of modern industrial societies based on a unique data-set constructed by John Goldthorpe and Robert Erikson. The focus is onExpand
The total impact of the family on educational attainment
The concept of social exclusion implies that there is a downward spiral in which labour market marginality leads to poverty and social isolation, which in turn reinforce the risk of long-termExpand
Chinese social stratification and social mobility
▪ Abstract This essay reviews post-1980 research on class stratification, socio-economic inequalities, and social mobility in the People's Republic of China. Chinese class stratification hasExpand
Meritocracy and Social Heredity in France: Some Aspects and Trends
The authors' study focuses on the links between social origins, educational attainment and social destinations in France. They use data from the four latest surveys on Education and QualificationsExpand
Social Origin as an Interest-bearing Asset: Family Background and Labour-market Rewards among Employees in Sweden
We analysed the effects of social origin on social class and income for a large sample of Swedish employees, aged 25-45, in 1990. The statistical models are particularly strong in handling mediatingExpand
On the Changing Role of Education in Social Reproduction in Different Sociopolitical Systems: A Comparative Analysis between the Netherlands and Poland
AbstractOne of the functions of education is the transmitting of social reproduction from one generation to the next. Especially interesting are comparisons between systems with and without explicitExpand
Generational Income Mobility in North America and Europe: A model of intergenerational mobility variation over time and place
A rapidly growing literature, surveyed in Solon (1999), is examining the empirical association between the incomes of parents and their children. With the acquisition of new data, researchersExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...