Indwelling ureteral stents: evaluation of quality of life to aid outcome analysis.

BACKGROUND Ureteral stents cause various side effects. We have evaluated health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with stents using validated questionnaires and developed a new stent symptom (intervention)-specific questionnaire (SSQ). PATIENTS AND METHODS Along with structured literature review and in-depth interviews, prospective sub-studies… (More)