Industrial demand response by steel plants with spinning reserve provision

  title={Industrial demand response by steel plants with spinning reserve provision},
  author={Xiao Zhang and Gabriela Hug and Zico Kolter and Iiro Harjunkoski},
  journal={2015 North American Power Symposium (NAPS)},
Demand response has gained significant attention in recent years as it demonstrates potentials to enhance the power system's operational flexibility in a cost-effective way. Industrial loads such as steel manufacturing plants consume large amounts of electric energy, and their electricity bills account for a remarkable percentage of their total operation cost. Meanwhile, lots of industrial loads are very flexible in terms of adjusting their power consumption rate, e.g. through switching the… 

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