Industrial Silicon Solar Cells Applying the Passivated Emitter and Rear Cell (PERC) Concept—A Review

  title={Industrial Silicon Solar Cells Applying the Passivated Emitter and Rear Cell (PERC) Concept—A Review},
  author={Thorsten Dullweber and Jan Holger Schmidt},
  journal={IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics},
Even though the passivated emitter and rear cell (PERC) concept was introduced as a laboratory-type solar cell in 1989, it took 25 years to transfer this concept into industrial mass production. Today, PERC-type solar cells account for 10% of the worldwide produced solar cells, and their share is expected to rapidly increase up to 35% within the next few years. Record efficiencies up to 22.1% of industrial PERC cells approach an efficiency of 22.8% of the lab-type PERC cell in 1989. This paper… CONTINUE READING
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