Effects of novel vaccines on weight loss in diet-induced-obese (DIO) mice
- Keith N Haffer
- Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
Synthetic, biotinylated somatostatin-14 (Somatotropin Release-Inhibiting Factor; SRIF) was conjugated to avidin, and the resulting complex incorporated into immune-stimulating complexes (ISCOMS). The ISCOMS were used to study the systemic and mucosal immune responses induced by parenteral and gastrointestinal vaccination. Mice were immunized by intraperitoneal (IP) and intragastric (IG) routes and subsequently by either IP or IG secondary immunizations (groups-IP/IP; IP/IG; IG/IG). Antigen specific IgG and IgA antibody secreting cells (ASC) from the spleen, mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) and Peyer's patches (PP's) were studied by an enzyme-linked immunospot assay (ELISPOT). Specific proliferative responses of spleen cells to avidin and to SRIF were measured. Immunization IP/IP evoked the highest serum IgG levels to avidin and to SRIF as well as the highest numbers of splenic IgG isotype ASC. The greatest IgA response in MLN and PP's was induced by IP/IG immunization. Only marginal mucosal immunity and no splenic cell specific proliferative responses were found by IG/IG immunization. These results indicate that ISCOMS are an effective delivery system for protein-peptide antigens. The ISCOMS system described elicited systemic and mucosal antibody immune responses, and primed specific proliferative response when administered IP/IG. This offers another approach for the design and delivery of mucosally administered peptide vaccines.