Hepatic microsomal mixed-function oxidase activities were determined in rats pretreated with the aromatic amines 2-aminoanthracene, 2-naphthylamine or 4-aminobiphenyl. All three amines stimulated the O-deethylation of ethoxyresorufin (cytochromes P-448) but none had any effect on the p-hydroxylation of aniline. 2-Aminoanthracene and 4-aminobiphenyl also stimulated the NADPH-dependent reduction of cytochrome c and 2-naphthylamine inhibited the N-demethylation of benzphetamine. Hepatic preparations from animals pretreated with 2-aminoanthracene were more efficient in converting this carcinogen to mutagens while in contrast pretreatment with Aroclor 1254 caused a marked decrease in mutagenicity. 4-Aminobiphenyl also enhanced its own activation but Aroclor-pretreated preparations were the most effective. The latter preparations were also more efficient than controls in activating 2-naphthylamine to mutagens. It is concluded that 4-aminobiphenyl and 2-aminoanthracene enhance their own activation at least partly, by inducing the synthesis of cytochromes P-448.