Induction of periodic alternating nystagmus in intact goldfish by sinusoidal rotation.


During movement, the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) normally maintains retinal image stability by making slow-phase eye rotations that counterbalance head rotations. These eye rotations are nystagmic when the on-going slow-phases are interrupted by fast-phase eye rotations that reset eye position. Periodic alternating nystagmus (PAN) is an eye-movement… (More)


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