Induction of mitotic crossing over in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by breakdown products of dimethylnitrosamine, diethylnitrosamine, 1-naphthylamine and 2-naphthylamine formed by an in vitro hydroxylation system.


Dimethylnitrosamine and diethylnitrosamine, two potent carcinogens, are nonmutagenic when tested directly in microorganisms. Likewise 1-naphthylamine and 2-naphthylamine are also nonmutagenic but the N-hydroxy derivatives are mutagenic in microorganisms. Apparently these compounds require metabolism to breakdown products which are then the proximately… (More)