Induction of marking behavior in wild red foxes (Vulpes vulpes L.) by synthetic urinary constituents

  title={Induction of marking behavior in wild red foxes (Vulpes vulpes L.) by synthetic urinary constituents},
  author={Wesley K. Whitten and M. Curtis Wilson and S. R. Wilson and James W. Jorgenson and Milos V. Novotny and Marvin Carmack},
  journal={Journal of Chemical Ecology},
A control aqueous solution containing alcohol and polyethylene glycol, and a test solution with the addition of a mixture of eight volatile synthetic compounds identified in red fox urine, Were alternately placed on man-made mounds of fresh snow during January and February, the foxes' courtship season. The foxes preferentially marked those mounds treated with the test solution in the two experimental areas (P < 0.05 and <0.0001). It is concluded that one or more of the volatile substances… 

Feeding responses of snowshoe hares (Lepus americanus) to volatile constituents of red fox (Vulpes vulpes) urine

Investigation of the influence of the volatile constituents of red fox urine in suppressing feeding by snowshoe hares on coniferous tree seedlings indicated that the odor of fox urine and its principal component, 3-methyl-3-butenyl methyl sulfide, had a negative effect on feeding behavior of hares.

Volatile scent chemicals in the urine of the red fox, Vulpes vulpes

The urinary scent chemistry of fox urine may represent a highly evolved system of semiochemicals for communication between foxes and canids.

Use of predator odors as repellents to reduce feeding damage by herbivores

This study reports the first long-term (four to five months) use of synthetic semiochemicals as area repellents for crop protection from vole feeding damage.

Spatial and behavioral changes by red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in response to artificial territory intrusion

Radio-tracked dominant male and female urban foxes before and after synthetic fox urine was applied to approximately a third of their territories and compared spatial and behavioral reactions both before andAfter scent application and with foxes on territories where no urine is applied.

Seasonal and sex differences in urine marking rates of wild red foxes Vulpes vulpes

Urine marking is lowest during summer when territorial intrusions are least, whilst the higher male urine marking rate in March reflects the period when females are denning, contributing to a greater understanding of territoriality and olfactory communication.

A comparison of the effectiveness of predator odor and plant antifeedant in deterring small mammal feeding damage on lodgepole pine seedlings

It is shown conclusively that when applied to spring-planted lodgepole pine seedlings, pinosylvin is effective in significantly reducing feeding damage.

Partial chemical characterization of urinary signaling pheromone in tree shrews (Tupaia belangen)

The results show that chinning is elicited by several lipophilic urine fractions, which are more effective in combination than alone, and that the male-specific scent signal of tree shrews is based less on a single unique component than on the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of a multicomponent mixture.

Chemical scent constituents in urine of wolf (Canis lupus) and their dependence on reproductive hormones

Investigation of volatile components of castrated male and ovariectomized female wolf urine showed that many of these compounds could be used to communicate gender as well as reproductive status.

Feral Pigs : Pest Status and Prospects for Control Proceedings of a Feral Pig Workshop

Feral pigs, Sus scrofa, with their large robust bodies, specially developed snouts for rooting up the ground, omnivorous diet and opportunistic feeding habits, adaptability to a wide range of



Chemical Scent Constituents in the Urine of the Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes L.) During the Winter Season

Four volatile chemical compounds have been identified as apparently unique constituents in urines of red foxes during the winter season when mating occurs, and some or all of these compounds may function in olfactory communication in the red fox.

The use of urine marking in the scavenging behavior of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes).

  • J. Henry
  • Environmental Science
  • 1977
This study definitely support LEYHAUSEN'S (1965) statement that the social life of solitary animals is frequently more complex than the authors realize, and foxes appear to use each other's urine marks to increase the efficiency of their scavenging behavior.

Field Guide to the Mammals

Devising a method to study the responses of foxes to synthetic urinary

  • 1978