Induction of increased testis growth and sperm production in adult rats by neonatal administration of the goitrogen propylthiouracil (PTU): the critical period.

Abstract

We have previously shown that treating rats with the reversible goitrogen 6-propyl-2-thiouracil (PTU) from birth to Day 25 increases testis size and sperm production in adulthood by up to 80% and 140%, respectively. The purpose of this study was to determine the critical period(s) during development when PTU treatment can increase adult testis size and sperm production. Rats were treated with PTU beginning on Days 0, 8, 16, or 24 for periods of 9, 17, or 25 days. To further define the critical period, additional rats were treated with PTU prenatally or on Days 4-24. PTU treatments of 9, 17, or 25 days beginning at birth increased testis weight 18%, 38%, and 69%, respectively, by 135 days of age, while daily sperm production (DSP) increased 35%, 65%, and 94%, respectively. Efficiency of sperm production (DSP/g testis) also increased by approximately 25% in these rats. There was an inverse relationship between testis and body weights: increasing lengths of PTU treatment increased testis weight but decreased body weight. PTU treatment starting on Day 8 or later did not increase testis weight or DSP regardless of duration. Treatment on Days 4-24 increased adult testis weight and DSP similarly to treatment from birth to Day 24, but prenatal PTU treatment was ineffective. Testosterone concentrations were not altered in treated rats, even those with increased testis weight. These results indicate that the later part of the first postnatal week (Days 4-8) is the crucial period during which PTU treatment must begin in order to increase adult testis size and sperm production.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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@article{Cooke1992InductionOI, title={Induction of increased testis growth and sperm production in adult rats by neonatal administration of the goitrogen propylthiouracil (PTU): the critical period.}, author={Paul S. Cooke and J Porcelli and Rex Allen Hess}, journal={Biology of reproduction}, year={1992}, volume={46 1}, pages={146-54} }