Induction of cytochrome P450 by toluene.

  title={Induction of cytochrome P450 by toluene.},
  author={Tamie Nakajima and Ri Sheng Wang},
  journal={The International journal of biochemistry},
  volume={26 12},
At least six cytochrome P450 (P450) isoenzymes, including CYP1A1/2, CYP2A1, CYP2B1/2, CYP2C6, CYP2C11 and CYP2E1, are involved in the metabolism of toluene in rat liver. Toluene exposure induces CYP1A1/2, CYP2B1/2, CYP2E1 and CYP3A1, but decreases CYP2C11/6 and CYP2A1 in adult males. Both sex and age influence the induction of P450s by toluene: in general, the inductive effect is more prominent in younger than in older animals; in males than in females. Neonatal exposure to toluene causes… CONTINUE READING