Inducing a Magnetic Monopole with Topological Surface States

@article{Qi2009InducingAM,
  title={Inducing a Magnetic Monopole with Topological Surface States},
  author={Xiao-liang Qi and Rundong Li and Jiadong Zang and Shou-Cheng Zhang},
  journal={Science},
  year={2009},
  volume={323},
  pages={1184 - 1187}
}
Existence of the magnetic monopole is compatible with the fundamental laws of nature; however, this elusive particle has yet to be detected experimentally. We show theoretically that an electric charge near a topological surface state induces an image magnetic monopole charge due to the topological magneto-electric effect. The magnetic field generated by the image magnetic monopole may be experimentally measured, and the inverse square law of the field dependence can be determined… 

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