Induced defenses in response to an invading crab predator: an explanation of historical and geographic phenotypic change.

@article{Trussell2000InducedDI,
  title={Induced defenses in response to an invading crab predator: an explanation of historical and geographic phenotypic change.},
  author={Geoffrey C Trussell and Larry D. Smith},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={2000},
  volume={97 5},
  pages={2123-7}
}
The expression of defensive morphologies in prey often is correlated with predator abundance or diversity over a range of temporal and spatial scales. These patterns are assumed to reflect natural selection via differential predation on genetically determined, fixed phenotypes. Phenotypic variation, however, also can reflect within-generation developmental responses to environmental cues (phenotypic plasticity). For example, water-borne effluents from predators can induce the production of… CONTINUE READING

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