Indoor air pollution and respiratory health in the elderly

  title={Indoor air pollution and respiratory health in the elderly},
  author={Malek Bentayeb and Marzia Simoni and Dan Norback and Sandra Baldacci and Sara Maio and Giovanni Viegi and Isabella Annesi-Maesano},
  journal={Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A},
  pages={1783 - 1789}
Data on respiratory effects of indoor air pollution in elderly are scanty. The purpose of this review is to summarize current knowledge on adverse respiratory effects of indoor air pollution in individuals aged over 65 years, by presenting existing epidemiological evidence. Using MEDLINE database through PubMed, we identified relevant publications published between 1991 and 2011 in English on respiratory health effects of indoor air pollution in elderly (>65 years). A total of 61 studies were… 

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Adverse respiratory effects of outdoor air pollution in the elderly.

  • M. BentayebM. Simoni I. Annesi-Maesano
  • Environmental Science
    The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
  • 2012
Air pollution, smoking, occupation, comorbidities, treatment and the neighbourhood context should be considered as confounders or modifiers of such a role to better understand the role of air pollution in the elderly.

Respiratory health and indoor air pollutants based on quantitative exposure assessments

Results from rural areas of industrialised countries indicate that exposure to some indoor bio-contaminants might be protective in early life, while it is associated with adverse respiratory adverse effects in adulthood.

Indoor air pollution and respiratory health in the elderly

A trend of higher occurrence of acute respiratory symptoms in the presence of environmental tobacco smoke was shown in comparison to the unexposed elderly both in winter and in summer, and exposure to the high respirable suspended particles-index was associated with a decrease in the mean daily peak expiratory flow.

Indoor air quality in homes of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Higher levels of PM(2.5) are associated with worse health status of these patients with severe COPD, and are significantly higher in homes with smokers.

Indoor air pollution and airway disease.

  • G. ViegiM. Simoni I. Annesi-Maesano
  • Environmental Science
    The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
  • 2004
Indoor air pollution may increase the risk of irritation phenomena, allergic sensitisation, acute and chronic respiratory disorders and lung function impairment, and further research is necessary to better evaluate the respiratory health effects of indoor pollution and to implement protective programmes for public health.

Working towards healthy air in dwellings in Europe

The results of this project confirmed that air pollution in dwellings is a relevant health problem that must be addressed at European and international levels and it involves the medical profession, scientific societies, patients’ organizations, lawmakers, architects and the building industry.

Indoor exposures and respiratory symptoms in a Norwegian community sample

Mould exposure is an independent risk factor for several respiratory symptoms in a general population covering a wide age span, but it makes only a small contribution to the respiratory symptom burden in the population at large.

Environmental tobacco smoke and health in the elderly

The potential role of environmental tobacco smoke exposure as a prognostic factor determining development of a pre-existing respiratory or heart disease is an important new area for research.

Effect of indoor air pollution from biomass combustion on prevalence of asthma in the elderly.

  • V. Mishra
  • Medicine
    Environmental health perspectives
  • 2003
Results indicate that elderly men and women living in households using biomass fuels have a significantly higher prevalence of asthma than do those living in homes using cleaner fuels, even after controlling for the effects of a number of potentially confounding factors.