Individualizing the risk for preterm birth: an overview of the literature

  title={Individualizing the risk for preterm birth: an overview of the literature},
  author={Melanie A. van Os and Jeanine van der Ven and Brenda M. Kazemier and Monique C Haak and Eva Pajkrt and Ben Willem J. Mol and Christianne J.M. de Groot},
  journal={Expert Review of Obstetrics \& Gynecology},
Preterm birth is the most important cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide, and ranks among the top 10 of global causes of burden of disease. Since treatment of threatened preterm delivery has limited effectiveness, the focus is on primary and secondary prevention. Identification of risk indicators in early pregnancy provides the opportunity for preventive measures. To determine the potential impact of individualized risk indicators on the prediction of preterm birth, we reviewed… 

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It is necessary to conduct preconception preparation of women with above mentioned poor factors, as well as measures aimed at elimination of controllable risk factors, to reduce the likelihood of threatened preterm birth.

Routine second trimester cervical length screening in low risk women identified women at risk of a ‘very’ preterm birth but did not reduce the preterm birth rate: a randomised study from India

A routine second trimester CL measurement in low risk women did not reduce the PTB rate, however, screening for a short CL helped to identify two primigravidas at risk for a ’very’ PTB.

The Role of Acute Phase Reactants (Fibrinogen, Ferritin, Albumin, Calcium) in Pregnant Women with Preterm Delivery

Assessment of the role of acute phase reactants in pregnant women with preterm delivery found serum ferritin and albumin can be used in prediction of preterm labor in 3rd trimester.

Risk Factors for Preterm Labor among Women Attending El Shatby Maternity University Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt

A large number of factors have been identified to be associated with preterm birth (PTB) and several factors have be identified to been associated with several factors.

McDonald versus modified Shirodkar rescue cerclage in women with prolapsed fetal membranes

  • A. BaşbuğM. BayrakO. DoğanAşkı Ellibeş KayaG. Goynumer
  • Medicine
    The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians
  • 2018
The effects of the McDonald and modified Shirodkar cerclage procedures on prolonging pregnancy and improving the live birth rate were similar and either technique can be applied to prevent neonatal loss due to advanced prematurity.



Maternal obesity and risk of preterm delivery.

In Sweden, maternal overweight and obesity during pregnancy were associated with increased risks of preterm delivery, especially extremely preterm Delivery, and these associations should be assessed in other populations.

Fetal sex and preterm birth: are males at greater risk?

BACKGROUND The existence of a male excess among preterm births is interesting because it could shed light on the aetiology of preterm birth. Possible mechanisms are greater body weight, increased

Biomarkers of Spontaneous Preterm Birth: An Overview of The Literature in the Last Four Decades

Identifying similar studies on biomarkers for the prediction of PTB was a very challenging task due heterogeneities in study design, sampling issues, sampling methods, assay methods, and analyses.

Ethnic disparities in the risk of adverse neonatal outcome after spontaneous preterm birth

African and South‐Asian women are at higher risk for preterm birth than European white women, however, the harmful effect of pre term birth on neonatal outcome is less severe for these women.

The Preterm Prediction Study: prediction of preterm premature rupture of membranes through clinical findings and ancillary testing. The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Network.

The combination of short cervical length, previous preterm birth caused by preterm premature rupture of membranes, and positive fetal fibronectin screening results was highly associated with preterm delivery caused bypreterm premature rupturing of membranes in the current gestation.

The worldwide incidence of preterm birth: a systematic review of maternal mortality and morbidity.

Developing countries, especially those in Africa and southern Asia, incur the highest burden in terms of absolute numbers, although a high rate is also observed in North America.

Prediction and early detection of preterm labor.

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  • Medicine
    Obstetrics and gynecology
  • 2003

Development of a prognostic model for predicting spontaneous singleton preterm birth.